Home > Learning Resources > Ryūkyū Martial Arts Culture and other Budō / Martial Arts Dictionary: "D"


武道辞典

Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary

Search alphabetically:


 

Search by Topic:

   

This online dictionary was created as a service for all Shinjinbukan members worldwide. 
Unauthorized reproduction or sale of these materials constitutes a copyright violation.

   

第一基本型

だいいちきほんがた

Dai Ichi Kihon Gata    

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. First Basic Form.  Dai Ichi Kihon Gata is the Basic Form created by Chibana Chōshin Dai Sensei as the cornerstone of his style and lineage.  It is practiced only by the Shōrin Ryū schools that belong to the Kobayashi lineage or Chibana Ha.  Dai Ichi Kihon Gata is the only Form ever created by Chibana Dai Sensei.

Initially, Chibana Dai Sensei created three sets of combinations of hand techniques and tenshin in different stances designed to be repeated as many times as desired by the teacher, senpai, or individual practitioner.  These three sets were considered to be three separate Forms: Dai Ichi Kihon Gata (First Basic Form), Dai Ni Kihon Gata (Second Basic Form) and Dai San Kihon Gata (Third Basic Form). 

In later years, a convention was developed among some Shōrin Ryū schools to combine these three original Basic Forms into one which is known today as Dai Ichi Kihon Gata.  However, there are still several Shōrin Ryū schools which practice Dai Ichi Kihon Gata as three separate Basic Forms.  The Shinjinbukan School follows the standard convention to practice Dai Ichi Kihon Gata as one Form with three separate parts. 

See Chibana Chōshin , Shōrin Ryū (小林流) , Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Chūdan Tsuki , Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Jōdan Tsuki
Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Age Uke , kihon gata

第一基本型の中段突き

だいいちきほんがたのちゅうだんつき

Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Chūdan Tsuki

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. First Basic Form with mid-level hand strike.  The first part of Dai Ichi Kihon Gata starts with the forward motion from shizen dachi to heiko dachi using ko mawari (small turn with circular step).  The opening hand move starts with Kaki Di and chūdan tsuki (chūdan gyaku tsuki).  The subsequent moves repeat chūdan gyaku tsuki as many times as needed.  The retreating motion uses neko ashi tenshin with soto uke.  The two patterns of moving to the front and retreating to the rear are repeated as many times as desired by the teacher, senpai or individual practitioner. 

Initially, Chibana Chōshin Dai Sensei named only this combination of hand and feet techniques Dai Ichi Kihon Gata.  Eventually, his original three sets of techniques were combined and formally renamed Dai Ichi Kihon Gata.
See Dai Ichi Kihon Gata , Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Jōdan Tsuki , Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Age Uke , kihon gata , Kaki Di ,
chūdan tsuki , gyaku tsuki , soto uke , shizen dachi , heikō dachi , neko ashi dachi , neko ashi tenshin (1)

第一基本型の上段突き

だいいちきほんがたのじょうだんつき

Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Jōdan Tsuki  (alt. Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Joudan Tsuki)

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. First Basic Form with high-level hand strike.  The second part of Dai Ichi Kihon Gata starts with the forward motion from shizen dachi to heiko dachi sing ko mawari (small turn with circular step).  The opening hand move starts with Kaki Di and jōdan tsuki (jōdan gyaku tsuki).  The subsequent moves repeat jōdan gyaku tsuki as many times as needed.  The retreating motion uses neko ashi tenshin with a combination of uchi uke and uchi otosu.  The two patterns of moving to the front and retreating to the rear are repeated as many times as desired by the teacher, senpai, or individual practitioner. 

Initially, Chibana Chōshin Dai Sensei named this combination of hand and feet techniques Dai Ni Kihon Gata.  Eventually, his original three sets of techniques were combined and formally renamed Dai Ichi Kihon Gata.
See Dai Ichi Kihon Gata , Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Chūdan Tsuki , Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Age Uke , kihon gata , Kaki Di ,
jōdan tsuki , gyaku tsuki , soto uke , shizen dachi , heikō dachi , neko ashi dachi , neko ashi tenshin (1)

第一基本型の上受け

だいいちきほんがたのあげうけ

Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Age Uke    

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. First Basic Form with rising block.  The third part of Dai Ichi Kihon Gata starts with the forward motion from shizen dachi to heiko dachi sing ko mawari (small turn with circular step).  The opening hand move starts with age uke (aji uki).  The subsequent moves repeat aji uki as many times as needed.  The retreating motion uses neko ashi tenshin with uchi uke (gyaku uchi uke).  The two patterns of moving to the front and retreating to the rear are repeated as many times as desired by the teacher, senpai, or individual practitioner. 

Initially, Chibana Chōshin Dai Sensei named this combination of hand and feet techniques Dai San Kihon Gata.  Eventually, his original three sets of techniques were combined and formally renamed Dai Ichi Kihon Gata.
See Dai Ichi Kihon Gata , Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Chūdan Tsuki , Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Jōdan Tsuki , kihon gata , aji uki ,
uchi uke , gyaku , shizen dachi , heikō dachi , neko ashi dachi , neko ashi tenshin (1)

第二基本型

だいにきほんがた

Dai Ni Kihon Gata    

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. Second Basic Form.  Dai Ni Kihon Gata is a Basic Form created by Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō as part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum of Shōrin Ryū Karate.  Dai Ni Kihon Gata has seven parts or sections made of one uke technique followed by combination of keri and tsuki.  Each one of the seven parts repeat a combination of techniques by advancing and retreating using zenkutsu dachi (front stance).  Each pattern, moving forward and retreating, are repeated as many times as desired by the teacher, senpai or individual practitioner. 

The opening uke of each section are the following: aji uki, soto uke (frontal), uchi uke, soto barai, gedan uchi barai, gedan soto barai and gedan soto uke (susutsu).  Dai Ni Kihon Gata could also be defined as a blueprint for creating Kihon Kumite combinations.  The challenge of Dai Ni Kihon Gata for a more advanced practitioner is to connect each pattern from tsuki to uke without stopping.  This connection can only be achieved by using the flowing motion that connects each position.  This understanding of Ti is defined as sen - the line of motion
See Onaga Yoshimitsu , Shinjinbukan , kihon gata , zenkutsu dachi , Sen , aji uki , soto uke , uchi uke , soto barai ,
gedan uchi barai , gedan soto barai , gedan soto uke

だん

Dan   

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Step, grade, rank.  Black belt rank or grade. 
See Yūdansha, Mudansha, Kyū

弟子

でし

Deshi

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles , Shinjinbukan/Philosophy

Lit. Disciple, pupil, adherent, follower, apprentice, young person.  In traditional Martial Arts and in the Shinjinbukan School there is a diference between a seito/student and a deshi/disciple.  A Karate teacher may have hundreds of students but only a couple of disciples.  Therefore, a deshi is expected to train harder than a seito and receives more attention and pressure from his or her Sensei. 
See Sensei , seito , Uchi Deshi , Mago Deshi

どう

Dō  (alt. dou, do)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Philosophy

Lit. Way, path, method, road, street.  The word is part of the name of all Japanese Martial Arts: Iaidō, Kendō, Aikidō, Judō, Karate Dō, Kobudō, etc.  This Chinese character can also be pronounced Michi.  However, it should be differentiated with Jutsu or Jitsu, which is used to name fighting arts: Bujutsu, Jūjutsu, Te jutsu, etc. 
See Dōjō, budō, Karate Dō

道着

どうぎ

dōgi  (alt. dougi, dogi)

Glossary Category:  Budō/General Terms

See keiko gi

道場

どうじょう

Dōjō  (alt. dojo, doujou)   

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Culture , Budō/Philosophy

Lit. The place where the way, or path is learned and practiced.  A place to learn a traditional Japanese art, such as Budō (martial arts), Sadō (tea ceremony), Odori (traditional dances), etc. A karate training hall is also called a Dōjō. In Japanese culture a Dōjō is a place with a virtually sacred character. In a traditional setting students are respectful towards the Dōjō as the place to practice their art and pursue a higher development of mind, body, and spirit.

The word Dōjō is a general term that could mean any type of Dōjō commonly used by martial arts organizations:
  — Honbu Dōjō: the main school headquarters, e.g. Shinjinbukan Honbu Dōjō.
  — Shibu Dōjō: a branch school, e.g. Shinjinbukan New York Shibu Dōjō.
  — Fuku Shibu Dōjō: sub-branch school, normally just called a Dōjō, e.g. Shinjinbukan Riga Dōjō

The Shinjinbukan School follows the Dōjō classification listed above for its branches.
See , Honbu Dōjō , Shibu Dōjō , Fuku Shibu Dōjō , Dōjō Chō

道場長

どうじょうちょう

Dōjō Chō  (alt. dojo cho, doujou chou)   

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. The chief, or leader of a Dōjō.  The branch director or head instructor in charge of a Dōjō is known as the Dōjō Chō. This title is given to instructors to formalize their role within a martial arts organization.

It is a common mistake to use the term Dōjō Chō for any instructor in charge of any Dōjō. The proper title for each instructor should be used according to one of the following:
  — Kaichō: President or chairman of a martial arts association.
  — Kanchō: head instructor or master in charge of a school, normally a Honbu Dōjō.
  — Shibu Chō: main instructor in charge of a Shibu Dōjō, or branch school.
  — Dōjō Chō: The main instructor in charge of a Fuku Shibu Dōjō, Dōjō, or sub-branch school. 

The Shinjinbukan School follows the classifications listed above.
See Kaichō , Kanchō , Shibu Chō

   

Dictionary Format            Bibliography            Rōmaji — Japanese with roman letters            Back To Top

   

どうも

dōmo  (alt. domo, doumo)   

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Basics

Lit. Thanks (informal use).  See dōmo arigatō gozaimashita

どうも有り難う  

どうもありがとう

dōmo arigatō  (alt. domo arigato, doumo arigatou)

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Basics

Lit. Thank you very much (semi-formal).  See dōmo arigatō gozaimashita

どうも有り難うございます  

どうもありがとうございます   

dōmo arigatō gozaimasu  (alt. domo arigato gozaimasu, doumo arigatou gozaimasu)

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Basics

Lit. Thank you very much (formal).  See dōmo arigatō gozaimashita

どうも有り難うございました

どうもありがとうございました

dōmo arigatō gozaimashita  (alt. domo arigato gozaimashita, doumo arigatou gozaimashita)   

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Basics

Lit. Thank you very much (formal).  It is used in the Dojo as a sign of gratitude, during and after training, as well as at social gatherings.

呑吐法

どんとほう

dontohō  (alt. dontoho, dontohou)

Glossary Category:  Budō/General Terms , Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. Breathing principle or method.  The use of breathing techniques is very important in all Martial Arts.  The Shinjinbukan School has specific methods of training and applying breathing techniques. 
See hōhō , Keikohō

   

Dictionary Format            Bibliography            Rōmaji — Japanese with roman letters            Back To Top

Connect with the Shinjinbukan Network:  Twitter  Facebook  You Tube  Google+

Home

OUR TEACHER:

Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō

Tichikaya

ONAGA KAICHŌ'S TEACHINGS:

Dōjō Kun

Ti no Tetsugaku

Reigi Sahō

Uchi Deshi

Shinjinbukan no Māku

Shinjinbukan Uta

   

OUR SCHOOL IN OKINAWA:

Shinjinbukan Honbu Dōjō

Onaga Michiko Kanchō

OTHER SENIOR DESHI:

Miyahira Tōru Sensei

Arakaki Shunichi Sensei

Nafuda

Deshi List

GENERAL INFORMATION:

Shinjinbukan no Keitō

Shinjinbukai − Affiliate members

 

OUR SHIBU:

Shibu Directory

Jimmy Mora − Shibu Chō

Nafuda − New York Shibu

NEW YORK, NEW YORK − USA:

Shinjinbukan New York Shibu Dōjō

Masaaki Satō − Dōjō Chō

LATVIA:

Shinjinbukan Riga Dōjō

Artis Pabriks − Dōjō Chō

FRANCE:

Shinjinbukan Lyon Dōjō

Jean-marie Perrier − Dōjō Chō

Ludovic Soler − Assistant Instructor

GERMANY:

Shinjinbukan Augsburg Dōjō

Melanie Petrak − Dōjō Chō

Christian Streicher − Assistant instructor

ITALY:

Shinjinbukan Casale Monferrato Dōjō

Luca Simonetti − Dōjō Chō

DENMARK:

Shinjinbukan Copenhagen Dōjō

SPAIN:

Shinjinbukan Madrid-Parla Dōjō

ISRAEL:

Affiliate Group − Tel Aviv

INDIA:

Affiliate Group − Hyderabad

 

LEARNING RESOURCES:

TRAINING MANUALS:

Bookstore

The Shinjinbukan System

RYŪKYŪ MARTIAL ARTS:

The History of Okinawa Karate Dō

Budō Jiten − Martial arts dictionary

Uchināguchi − Okinawan language

Frequently asked questions

Links − Recommended websites

NIHONGO − JAPANESE LANGUAGE:

Rōmaji − Hepburn system

Hiragana and Katakana

Kanji − Chinese characters

MULTIMEDIA:

Videos

Gallery

Articles

ABOUT US:

The Shinjinbukan Foundation

The Shinjinbukan Network

Contact us

Credits − Contributors

Copyright − Legal disclosure

Shinjinbukan New York Shibu Dōjō − 939 8th Ave #307, New York, NY 10019, USA ∙ Shihan: Masaki Satō ∙ Shihan Dai: Preston Flammang ∙ email: info@shinjinbukan.com
© 2013 Shinjinbukan Foundation Copyright  ∙  Shibu Chō: Jimmy Mora  ∙  Google+