Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary
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This online dictionary was created as a service for all Shinjinbukan members worldwide.
A poisonous snake indigenous of the Ryūkyū Islands.
A variety of liquor typical of Okinawa. A habu snake is soaked inside a mix of awamori and other herbs for weeks. The most expensive brands of habu sake comes with a snake inside the bottle. Some people believe it is good for stamina, back problems, arthritis and to cleanse the body.
Hachi Kyū (alt. hachikyuu, hachikyū, hachikyu, hachi-kyū)
Lit. Eighth level or rank. It refers to the eighth rank level below black belt.
Lit. Reverse Foot (instep).
Lit. Start, beginning, origin. This command is given to start any group exercise, drill, kumite, or kata.
Lit. A refined, polished samurai master. Nowadays Japanese traditional martial arts use the titles Renshi, Kyōshi and Hanshi, which are equivalent to senior instructor ranks. These titles were first used by Samurai warriors. Hanshi is the highest of the three instructor ranks. It is usually held by a Kyū Dan (9th Dan) or a Jū Dan (10th Dan).
Lit. Quick, fast or swift.
Lit. Quickly, swiftly or rapidly. Hayaku (dan dan hayaku suru) is the fourth and final stage of the learning process used by the Shinjinbukan School. Based on this principle, every new process speed must be developed gradually, while maintaining the other principles of the learning processs. If the body becomes stiff or the good form / posture is lost, then the speed of movement is too fast. Hayaku (dan dan hayaku suru) is essential to ALL BODY MOVEMENTS: basic techniques, body displacement, kata, machiwara training, etc.
heikō dachi (alt. heikou dachi, heiko dachi)
Lit. Parallel stance. Feet are placed parallel to each other at shoulder width.
Lit. Closed feet stance. Heels and big toes touch, thus fully closing the legs and knees.
Lit. Left. Left hand side.
Higa Yūchoku (alt. Higa Yuuchoku, Higa Yuchoku)
Lit. Left. Higa Yuchoku Dai Sensei (1910 — 1994) was the founder of Kyudokan, Chibana Dai Sensei’s uchi deshi (close disciple) and the teacher of Onaga Yoshimitsu Sensei. During his lifetime, he received many honors and recognition as one of Okinawa leading teachers.
Lit. Elbow strike.
Translation: koshi (1)
Lit. Knee or lap.
hōgen (alt. hougen, hogen)
Lit. Dialect. There are several dialects in Japan, such as Hokkaido hōgen, Okinawa hōgen, etc.
hōhō (alt. houhou, hoho)
Lit. Method, process, manner, technique. The term hōhō is generally used to describe a process or the proper manner in which a skill is developed. In Martial Arts it generally describes the correct training method necessary for a specific skill, the proper way of executing a technique, or even the proper thinking process used to understand the foundations of a martial arts system.
Honbu (alt. hombu)
Honbu Dōjō (alt. Hombu Dojo, Honbu Dojo)
Lit. Headquarters School. In martial arts the term Honbu Dōjō refers to the main school or headquarters of an organization headed by a high ranking instructor who claims heritage to a ryūha (martial arts style) or lineage. Therefore, a Honbu Dōjō is not subordinate to any other school.
The leader of the Honbu Dōjō could be addressed with two formal tittles: 1) Kanchō, chief instructor or director of the Honbu Dōjō; or 2) Kaichō, president of an association of schools directed by the Honbu Dōjō.
In terms of an organization's structure, the Honbu Dōjō, or headquarters, controls multiple branch schools called Shibu Dōjō, headed by senior instructors or direct deshi (disciples) of the Kaichō or Kanchō. The Shibu Dōjō could also be authorized by the Honbu to oversee sub-branches called Fuku Shibu Dōjō, which are headed by junior instructors.
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