Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary
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This online dictionary was created as a service for all Shinjinbukan members worldwide.
Lit. The enclosed space before Okinawan tombs. In ancient times, Okinawan martial artists practiced at the tombs of their teachers. The traditional Okinawan tombs have a small yard or open area at the entrance, which is called Nā in the Okinawan language. Nowadays, most Karate in Okinawa is practiced indoors (inside the Dōjō). In the Shinjinbukan school, even when training is conducted indoors, the denomination Nā is used metaphorically when entering and exiting the training area of the machiwara, sagi machiwara, as well as in the context of Ase Fukiji no Sahō (method for drying the sweat).
According to Onaga Kaichō, the concept of Nā as a whole implies a lot of traditions that go back to the ancient roots of Ryūkyū no Ti. As a matter of fact, the literal meaning of Nā refers to Okinawan tombs in general, but in the context of the Ryūkyū martial arts culture (the culture of Ti), it specifically refers to the ones which were used for training; or to describe the outdoor training area in the glades (an open area in the middle of the woods); or the circular combat occupied by two opponents/training partners during Kakie; or the space surrounding the machiwara or sagi machiwara. Therefore, the Tichikaya (Ti practitioner) makes a bow before entering and before exiting the Nā. This type of bowing is called Tichikaya no Rei (Ti practitioner's bow).
Lit. A thrust or stab generated with a force that pours out, spills out, washes away, or flushes out. A type of Tsuki (hand strike) also known as flowing tsuki, which is commonly generated with a fast over-extension of the arm. Many styles of Karate exaggerate this hand strike in order to increase speed and power. In the Shinjinbukan School, the nagashi tsuki is locked by the hip on the opposite to the arm rather than being locked by the shoulder blade.
Lit. Throwing Techniques used in Sumo or Judo.
See Naha Ti
See Naha Ti
Nagamine Shōshin (alt. Nagamine Shoushin, Nagamine Shoshin, Nagamine Shosin)
(K) Nagamine Shōshin Sensei (1907 — 1997) was the founder of the Matsubayashi lineage of Shōrin Ryū. His two main teachers were Chotoku Kyan (1870 — 1945) and Choki Motobu (1871 — 1944).
The modern capital of Okinawa.
See Naha Ti
Lit. The Naha Hand. Naha Ti is a generic name given to the Karate schools which originated around the Naha City area, and later came to be known as Gōjū Ryū. Hence the name, Naha Ti. Naha Ti is not a style of Ti. This Karate lineage originated with Kanryo Higaonna (1853 — 1915). His most important disciple Chōjun Miyagi (1888 — 1953) later named the style Gōjū Ryū.
Naifuanchi (alt. Naihanchi)
A set of three Katas from the Shuri Ti tradition, practiced by all Shōrin Ryū styles and part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum. In Japanese Karate these Katas are called Tekki.
naifuanchi dachi (alt. Naihanchi dachi)
Lit. Naifuanchi Stance. This is one of the most typical stances found in Okinawan Karate.
Naifuanchi Sho Dan (alt. Naifuanchi Shodan, Naifuanchi Sho-Dan, Naihanchi Sho Dan)
Lit. The First Naifuanchi. The first of the three Naifuanchi Katas from the Shuri Ti tradition, which are practiced by all Shōrin Ryū styles. These katas are part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum.
Naifuanchi Ni Dan (alt. Naifuanchi Nidan, Naifuanchi Ni-Dan, Naihanchi Ni Dan)
Lit. The Second Naifuanchi. The second of the three Naifuanchi Katas from the Shuri Ti tradition, which are practiced by all Shōrin Ryū styles. These katas are part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum.
Naifuanchi San Dan (alt. Naifuanchi Sandan, Naifuanchi San-Dan, Naihanchi San Dan)
Lit. The Third Naifuanchi. The third of the three Naifuanchi Katas from the Shuri Ti tradition, which are practiced by all Shōrin Ryū styles. These katas are part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum.
See naihanchi dachi
Naihanchi Sho Dan
Naihanchi Ni Dan
Naihanchi San Dan
Nana Dan (alt. nanadan, nana-dan)
Nana Kyū (alt. nanakyuu, nanakyū, nanakyu, nana-kyū)
Lit. Seventh level or rank. It refers to the seventh rank level below black belt.
This command is used to end a drill or kata by returning to the starting position.
Lit. Cat Foot. See neko ashi dachi
neko ashi dachi
Lit. Cat Foot Stance. This classic Shōrin Ryū stance is suitable for fast movements and keri (foot strikes). The body weight distribution of neko ashi dachi is designed to hold approximately 70% of the weight on the supporting leg (back leg) and 30% of the weight on the other leg.
In the Shinjinbukan School, neko ashi dachi has the following characteristics that make it different to those used in other Karate Schools: a smaller surface, the standard body position is at a 45 degree angle, the center axis of the body is always kept straight and the use of Koshi (Hip Joint Mechanism) to change the height of the stance. Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō prefers to write Neko Ashi Dachi using ネコ足立ち, a combination of Katakana and Kanji, rather than the more common way used by most Karate teachers: 猫足立ち.
There are many variations of neko ashi with no specific names in Okinawa. These variations could be grouped into four general categories. However, each category has different sizes that don't have a given name:
neko ashi tenshin (1)
Lit. Cat Stance Movement. The term neko ashi tenshin decribes a classic movement found in Okinawan Karate, especially in Shōrin Ryū. Neko ashi tenshin could also include a combination of different types of neko ashi stances. The ability to use neko ashi tenshin is suitable for creating fast combinations of tsuki, keri and tenshin. In the Shinjinbukan School, neko ashi tenshin is taught to be executed keeping the senchūshin (center axis) straight and without leaning forward or backwards during motion. In general terms, neko ashi tenshin refers to the use of neko ashi (cat stance) during for tenshin. It should not be confused with the Kihon Gata called Neko Ashi Tenshin.
Neko Ashi Tenshin (2)
Lit. Cat Stance Movement. Neko Ashi Tenshin is a Kihon Gata (Basic Form) which has been practiced in Okinawa for over one hundred years. Some of the modern adaptations of the Kihon Gata Neko Ashi Tenshin are attributed to Higa Yūchoku Dai Sensei and were practiced among many Shōrin Ryū practitioners.
In the Shinjinbukan School, there are approximately six variations of the Kihon Gata Neko Ashi Tenshin, some of which are more pedagogical in nature. Therefore, only some of them are performed in a enbu (martial arts demonstration) or practiced by advanced students on a reguar basis.
Ni Dan (alt. nidan, ni-dan)
nigiri dama (alt. nidan, ni-dan)
Lit. Squeezing or gripping ball; squeezing egg. A tool made of hey or straw used to learn how to close the hand for a strike. Nigiri Dama is an essential tool used to develop control and flexibility of each finger muscle while making a fist. In the Shinjinbukan School, this method for making a fist is known as Shiboru. All Shinjinbukan students learn to use shiboru to create a "Sealed Water Tight Fist".
Ni Kyū (alt. nikyuu, nikyū, nikyu, ni-kyū)
Lit. Second level or rank. It refers to the second rank level below black belt.
Lit. To lengthen, to stretch, to reach out, to postpone, to prolong, to extend. To reach the full length of a technique, such as a hand strike.
1. 一 いち ............... ichi
2. 二 に .................. ni
3. 三 さん ............... san
4. 四 し / よん ......... shi / yon
5. 五 ご .................. go
6. 六 ろく ............... roku
7. 七 しち / なな ....... shichi /nana
8. 八 はち ................ hachi
9. 九 く / きゅう ....... ku / kyū
10. 十 じゅ / じゅう.... ju / jū
11. 十一 じゅういち ..... jū ichi
12. 十二 じゅうに ........ jū ni
13. 十三 じゅうさん ..... jū san
14. 十四 じゅうよん ..... jū yon
15. 十五 じゅうご ....... jū go
16. 十六 じゅうろく .... jū roku
17. 十七 じゅうなな..... jū nana
18. 十八 じゅうはち .... jū hachi
19. 十九 じゅうきゅう .. jū kyū
20. 二十 にじゅう ....... ni jū
10. 十 じゅ / じゅう .... ju / jū
20. 二十 にじゅう .......... ni jū
30. 三十 さんじゅう ....... san jū
40. 四十 よんじゅう ....... yon jū
50. 五十 ごじゅう .......... go jū
60. 六十 ろくじゅう ....... roku jū
70. 七十 ななじゅう ....... nana jū
80. 八十 はちじゅう ....... hachi jū
90. 九十 きゅうじゅう .... kyū jū
100. 百 ひゃく ............ hyaku
200. 二百 にひゃく ........ ni hyaku
300. 三百 さんびゃく ..... san byaku
400. 四百 よんひゃく ..... yon hyaku
500. 五百 ごひゃく ........ go hyaku
600. 六百 ろぴゃく ........ ro pyaku
700. 七百 ななひゃく ..... nana hyaku
800. 八百 はぴゃく ........ ha pyaku
900. 九百 くひゃく ........ ku hyaku
1,000. 千 せん ............. sen
10,000. 万 まん / ばん ..... man / ban
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