Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary
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This online dictionary was created as a service for all Shinjinbukan members worldwide.
Lit. Sash, belt, obi, zone, region. This term refers to the belts or sashes worn in different martial arts. According to tradition, the obi should never be washed. The junior ranks or junior belts are indicated by different colors: yellow, green or brown, which may vary depending on the school or federation. However, all ranks above Sho Dan wear black belts.
Lit. Right Leaning Stance. In the Shinjinbukan School, Okutsu dachi is defined as a Zenkutsu dachi (front stance), with the body orientated to the right. Okutsu dachi works together with Sakutsu dachi as a set by rotating from the body's center axis. It is commonly used for basic combinations of uke, tsuki and keri drills.
ohayō (alt. Ohayo, Ohayou)
Lit. Good morning. This is an informal greeting used among friends.
ohayō Gozaimasu (alt. Ohayo Gozaimasu, Ohayou Gozaimasu)
Lit. Good morning. This is the formal greeting used in the morning.
Lit. Long hand strike. The striking arm and the most forward foot are on the same side. For example, left hand strike while standing with the left foot forward.
Lit. Open sea straw rope or cord. Okinawa Island or Okinawa Shima is the largest of the Ryūkyū Islands. In ancient times these islands were known as the Ryukyu Kingdom. For several centuries, as a tributary State to China, it prospered from trade between Japan, China, Korea, and Southeast Asia. In the 17th century the Japanese Satsuma clan invaded Okinawa, and by 1879 it was made a Japanese prefecture. Since then many efforts were made to assimilate Okinawan population as Japanese.
By the beginning of the 20th century, Okinawans still remained culturally different from the mainland Japanese population. Okinawa was the site of the last battle of World War II, and it remained under U.S. administration until 1972, when it was returned to Japan. However, the U.S. still maintains military bases and personnel stationed in Okinawa. In spite of so many external influences, Okinawa has developed and maintained its own unique culture with distinct traditions, language, cuisine, religion, arts, etc.
Okinawa Karate Dō
Lit. The way of the Empty hand. Karate is a Martial Art, which originated in Okinawa, Japan, hundreds of years ago. It then spread to mainland Japan and the rest of the world. Nowadays, there are many types of Karate: Okinawan Karate, Japanese Karate, Korean Karate, Olympic sports Karate, free-style Karate, etc...
What are the differences between Okinawan and Japanese Karate?
The main styles of Okinawan Karate are:
Lit. Okinawa Prefecture. It is Japan's southernmost possession and its 47th prefecture, also known as the Ryūkyū archipelago. Its capital is Naha City. It stretches from mainland Japan to Taiwan over 1,000 km. It consists of 161 islands, 44 inhabited and 117 uninhabited, divided into three major island groups:
Okinawa’s main industry, tourism, caters towards Japanese from mainland, Chinese and Taiwanese. It is Japan’s only prefecture with subtropical weather averaging 22.4°C or 72.3°F. Even during winter it never goes below 10°C or 50°F. Snorkeling and scuba diving are very popular since Okinawa has one of the world’s most beautiful coral reefs full of marine wildlife.
Okinawa Kobudō (alt. Okinawa Kobudou, Okinawa Kobudo)
Okinawa no Shīsā
The Shīsā or "Shishi" are the traditional Okinawan statues similar to a guardian dog or lion, which are considered to be protectors from evils spirits. They are often found in pairs as decorations for rooftops, large gates or homes. Traditionally, if the Shīsā are found in pairs, the left one has a closed mouth, and the right one has an open mouth.
Lit. The Battle of Okinawa. The site of the last battle of World War II, also considered the bloodiest battle of the Pacific campaign and its largest amphibious operation. The battle lasted from March 26, 1945, to early September. More people died during the Battle of Okinawa than in the two atomic bombs used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki:
In 1945, the cost of human lives during the Battle of Okinawa was used as an argument against invading mainland Japan, and it weighed heavily in the decision to use the two atomic bombs. In 1995, the Okinawa Prefecture inaugurated the Peace Memorial Park where Heiwa no Ishiji or Cornerstone of Peace stands. It is a large granite stone with the names of all those who perished during the Battle of Okinawa. As of 2005, there were 239,801 names listed in the memorial.
The founder of the Shinjinbukan School. Onaga Kaichō carries the oldest lineage of Karate. He was the uchi deshi of Higa Yūchoku Dai Sensei for over thirty years at the Kyūdōkan Dōjō. His teachings are based on Ti, the ancient Okinawan Martial Art, which preceded modern Karate.
Onaga no Ti
Lit. Onaga's Ti. Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō is considered one of the last masters able to understand and teach Ti. Onaga Kaichō has preserved and further developed many technical aspects of Okinawa Ti to such extent that he oftens describes his own Martial Art as Onaga no Ti. This concept illustrates the personal nature of Ti, as well as the depth of the legacy given to his deshi (disciples) and mago deshi (deshi of a deshi) at the Shinjinbukan School. The term Onaga no Ti was formally adopted in the official song of the Shinjinbukan School.
Lit. If you please. The implied meaning is: "please teach me". This is an expression used by students when first entering a traditional Dōjō or before starting practice. It is also used when making a request to a Sensei or senpai (senior student).
otagai ni, rei
Lit. Mutual gratutude. In a traditional Dōjō, the feeling of mutual gratitude between students is expressed by bowing towards each other. In many martial arts schools, the teacher calls the command: "otagai ni, rei" at the beginning and end of each class, or before and after sparring or a drill.
In the Shinjinbukan School, there are three bows made to begin and end a class. During the third bow the teacher says "Otagai ni, rei" as everyone forms a circle to bow towards each other.
At the beginning of class, during the 2nd and 3rd bow, the students say "onegai shimasu" (please teach me). At the end of class, during the 2nd and 3rd bow, the students say "arigatō gozaimashita" (thank you for teaching me). This ceremony is part of the Shinjinbukan etiquette or reigi sahō, and it is performed in a very natural way, without screaming or showing off. This ceremony is as an expression of gratitude for all what we have learned.
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