Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary
Search by Topic:
This online dictionary was created as a service for all Shinjinbukan members worldwide.
Lit. Private pupil, apprentice or disciple. In traditional Martial Arts and in the Shinjinbukan School there is a diference between a seito (student) and a deshi (disciple). Furthermore, an uchi deshi is a close disciple who lives and trains in the Dōjō.
Uchinā (alt. Uchinaa, Uchina)
Lit. To the inside. In Okinawan Karate it is used to describe the outward direction of a technique.
Lit. Inside reception or inside block. The path of movement goes from the outside to the inside of the body.
Uchināguchi (alt. Uchinaaguchi, Uchinaguchi)
Lit. Open sea straw rope or cord. The name of the Okinawan indigenous language, also called Okinawa Hōgen. There are several types of dialects within the Ryūkyū Islands: Shuri-Naha dialect, Nakijin dialect, Amami dialect and Miyako dialect.
Uchinānchū (alt. Uchinaanchuu, Uchinanchu)
Uechi Ryū (alt. Goujuu Ryuu, Goju-Ryu, gojuryu)
Lit. The style of Uechi. The Karate style founded by Master Uechi Kanbun (1877 — 1948), who spent 10 years studying Pangai-noon in China. In 1904, Uechi Kanbun received a teaching certificate under a Chinese master named Shushiwa and opened his first school in Nanjing province, China. In 1910, Uechi Kanbun returned to Okinawa, and in 1925, he established the Institute of Pangainun Ryū Todi Jutsu in Wakayama City, Wakayama Prefectur (in mainland Japan).
In 1940, the Okinawan students of Master Uechi Kanbun renamed the style to "Uechi Ryū" in honor of their teacher. The legacy of Uechi Kanbun was continued by his son Uechi Kanei Uechi, who taught at his Dōjō in Futenma City, Okinawa.
Lit. Oar, scull, paddle. A form of bojutsu developed by Okinawan fishermen and later incorporated into Okinawan Kobudo.
Lit. Receive, holder, defense, reputation or agreement. The word uke is often mistranslated as a block. According to Onaga Sensei, there are no blocks in Okinawan Karate. Some uke may look like a block, because they are just an exercise. In a real life application, uke is a combination of hand strike and movement. There are different types of uke:
Lit. Blocking Stance. See uki ashi dachi
Lit. Receiving form or blocking form. There are many types of uke drills in all Martial Arts. In the Shinjinbukan school, uke kata is a special drill that combines all the types of uke with flowing motion of Ti.
Lit. Blocking Stance. See uki ashi dachi
uki ashi dachi
Lit. Blocking Stance. The body weight distribution of uke ashi is designed to hold approximately 60% of the weight on the supporting leg (back leg) and 40% of the weight on the other leg. In the Shinjinbukan School, Uki Ashi Dachi has the following trademarks that make it different than those used in other Karate Schools: the center axis of the body is always kept straight and the use of Koshi (Hip Joint Mechanism) to generate each uke (block). Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō prefers to write Uke Ashi Dachi using ウキ足立ち, a combination of Katakana and Kanji, rather than the more common way used by most Karate teachers: 受け足立ち.
Lit. Reverse side, wrong side, back, undersurface, inside, palm.
Lit. Back Fist (Reverse Punch).
Lit. Back Fist (Reverse Punch). In the Shinjinbukan School, there are four basic ways to train the hand motion needed to generate the Ura Te:
An ancient Kata from the Shuri Ti tradition practiced by all Shorin Ryu styles. Unsu is part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum. In Japanese Karate, it is written with the characters: 雲手 (lit. Cloud Hands).
Lit. Back, behind, rear.
Lit. Move to the rear; look to the rear or an action in a rear direction. It is used as a command during drills to indicate: "move to the rear".
ushiro no ten
Lit. Rear point. Ushiro no Ten is the rear point of a triangle which is marked by the positions of the feet. The body moves through Ushiro no Ten or rear point as it changes sides or flanks. The center axis of the body is maintained at all times, and the motion is generated from the hip rotation rather than from the feet marking the triangle. The study of Ushiro no Ten is an essential step towards understanding Tenshin. For example, in Jigotai stance the feet should pass through ushiro no ten in order to change flanks (left and right flank).
ONAGA KAICHŌ'S TEACHINGS:
OUR SCHOOL IN OKINAWA:
OTHER SENIOR DESHI:
NEW YORK, NEW YORK — USA:
RYŪKYŪ MARTIAL ARTS AND MORE:
NIHONGO — JAPANESE LANGUAGE: